Isra and Mi'raj, another name of Al Isra' wal Miraj is celebrated on the 27th day of the month of Rajab which is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar. The day marks the night when Allah (God) took Mohammad (also called as Mohamed or Muhammed) on a journey. It was from Mecca to Jerusalem which further leads to heaven. This year 14 April 2018, Saturday has been announced a public holiday in UAE for Al Isra’a Wal Mi’raj, as per the Federal Authority for Government Human Resources.
The story goes like this, Isra and Mi'raj were the two parts of the Journey that Allah and Muhammad took in a night around the year 621 CE. Apart from physical, it is also described as a spiritual journey. A brief story about the same is also mentioned in Surah al-Isra of the Quran. And other interesting facts come from the hadith, collections of the teachings, reports, sayings, and deeds of Muhammad.
Let us take a small tour through facts and other significant details of Al Isra’a Wal Mi’raj. Here we go:
The Prophet Mohammad (or Muhammad) used to live in and around the area which is now famously known as Saudi Arabia during the years 570 CE to 632 CE of the Gregorian calendar. As we already mentioned earlier that according to Islamic belief, he went on a two-part journey with God/Allah. The first part was known as Isra which started from Mecca and ended to the "furthest" mosque. There have been debates about the "furthest" mosque's as some Muslims say that it was a mosque far away from Mecca, while others suggest that it was the Dome of the Rock known as Masjid Qubbat As-Sakhrah located on the Temple Mount (Haram al-Sharif) in Jerusalem.
In the second part of the journey, Mohammad was taken to heaven and hell, known as Mi'raj. In heaven, he interacted with prophets including Moses and Jesus. There he was also given instructions about Islamic prayer. Mohammad was back to Mecca before the night ended. Some of the Islamic scholars called Mohammed's journey a spiritual experience, whereas others considered it more of a physical journey.
To remember and commemorate his journey, Isra and Mi'raj is celebrated every year.
What does it translate to?
If you are wondering what the possible translation of Al Isra’a Wal Mi’raj can be, then here is your answer- it is ‘Night Journey and Ascension.’
How is it celebrated?
There are various customs around Isra and Mi'raj that vary according to different Islamic communities. Some Muslims spend their evening or night studying or listening to the story of Isra and Mi'raj either in a mosque or at home. You can witness decorations at homes or communities where people lit candles or small electric lights and share food, which particularly includes sweets. They even prepare a communal meal. Also, they try to include small kids and children in these celebrations and explain them the story of Mohammad's journey.
Isra’ and Mi’raj
As you already know that Isra’ is the first part of the journey that Muhammad went on which is from Mecca to Jerusalem. When Muhammad was in the Great Mosque, the Archangel Gabriel came to him with Buraq, a heavenly steed of the prophets. It carried Muhammad to the "Farthest Mosque," Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. After performing prayer, he was tested by Gabriel on God's command. According to Anas ibn Malik, the angel offered him three vessels filled with wine, water, and milk. He chose the milk to which Angel replied, 'You have chosen the Fitrah (natural instinct).'
The second part, Mi'raj is an Arabic word that literally means "ladder." When Gabriel took Muhammad to the heavens, he visited the seven stages of heaven and talked to the prophets, such as Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist, and Jesus. After this, he was then taken to Sidrat al-Muntaha, a holy tree in the seventh heaven. However, Gabriel was not allowed to pass it. According to beliefs, God told Muhammad that Muslims must pray fifty times a day. When Moses told Muhammad that fifty times is very difficult for the people, Muhammad asked for reduction until it was reduced to five times a day.
Our online assignment help team wishes you all the peace, happiness, and success on this day of Al Isra’a Wal Mi’raj. Happy festivities!
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