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Managing and Researching in International Context

Effective HR Management Tactics

Introduction To HR Management

Human resource management is the type of function which is basically being designed with respect to maximize the performance of employees working within the organization (Meaning of HR, 2015). The departments play different type of functions such as recruiting employees, organizing training program and motivating workers etc. For the given report the country like India is selected. This is because there are various human resource related issues is being found in the given country. It consists of following such as shortages of skilled employees, recruitment related issues, training and compensation related issues etc. These are all being regarded as the major issues that is being occurring in the India.

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The report will showcase the role of state as well as the law in governing the enterprise as well as the employment relationship etc. In addition to this, the report will also showcase the prevailing labor market characteristics of India. The report will also depict about the role of trade union and employer association in regulating the employment relation. These all identified points will be discussed in detailed.

Role of state as well as law in governing the employment relationship

The state as well as the law as being framed by the government of India plays very important role in governing the enterprise and maintaining the employment relationship etc. In order to resolve the various issues occurring in India, government plays very important role. From the various research articles it has been identified that shortages of skill employees is being regarded as the one of the major HR issues being faced by the country (Over two-thirds of Indian businesses face skills shortage, 2015). In order to take action against the given issue nation has played very crucial role. In this context, it has formed the commission named as Directorate general of employment and training in the ministry of labor. This commission assists employer of the organization with respect to take the lead so that the skill levels of the workers residing in India can be enhanced. In addition to this, it assists corporation with regard to organize more apprenticeship or training related program within the nation (Laws related to Employment & Training, 2015). It is through this way only an effective measure is being taken by the government of India with respect to the HR related issue like shortages of skilled employees. Furthermore, the commission form provides vocational guideline as well as counsel employees with regard to perform better within the organization. However, it has been critically evaluated that the given commission only showcases the basic guideline with the help of which the training programs can be organized within corporations. It does not showcase the practical implementation of the guidelines being framed by it.

In addition to this, it has also being identified that in many companies employment relationship between employers as well as employees is hindering because, employers are not focusing on the aspects such as organizing the training and development related programs for the workers. The given HR related issues is occurring within India because many employers of the organization believes that training and development type of activity is the time consuming efforts (Alvesson, Mats. and Willmott, Hugh., 2012). Due to the presence of this aspect the relationship that is building between worker and manager is affecting. However, in order to deal out with the given issue employment law being framed by the government of India has played an effective role. This law states that each individual that work within the organization has the right to ask their employer with respect to organize the training program for the workers. If the enterprise does not comply with the given law, then strict against the corporation can be taken by the Indian government in effective way.

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Furthermore, the law being framed by the government of India has helped in terms of resolving the recruitment related issue occurring within the enterprise. It has been analyzed that prior to the formation of law such as Caste Disability removal act 1850 and Scheduled caste and Scheduled tribe act 1989 workers are being discriminated within the organization on the basis of age, caste and gender. Here when promoting employees, manager gives more preference to their age and the caste of the employees rather than the knowledge as well as the skill of workers. Such type of things creates disputes between managers as well as employees working within the organization (Armstrong, Michael., 2006). Its direct impact can be seen on the sales as well as the profitability related condition of firm. Moreover, due to the presence of the given activity only direct impact can be seen on the relationship that exit between workers and managers . However, in order to resolve the given issue that is being occurring within many of the organization functioning in India, the government of India has directed its efforts in terms of forming the law named as Caste Disability removal act 1850 and Scheduled caste and Scheduled tribe act 1989. This law provides protection to the workers that belongs to the scheduled caste and tribe etc. This law entails corporations functioning in India that employees will not be discriminated in any of the following aspect such as age, gender and caste etc. In addition to this, the given act has the main objective with regard to provide all kind of protection to these communities so that they can live with dignity and respect. Thus it can be said that the state as well as the law being framed by the government of India has played very effective role in terms of resolving the obtained HR related issues within the organization. It is with the help of these identified laws and regulations only many organizations has improved their sales and profitability related condition (Teague, Paul. and Roche, William. Adrian., 2013). The given condition usually hinders when enterprise does not manage its HR related function in appropriate manner.

The India labor market characteristics and models

The characteristics of the labor market prevailing in India is being identified. Shortages of the skill employees is being regarded as one of the most significant characteristics of labor market in India. In India large number of employees lacks the essential skill of employment. The aspect is affecting the organization. This is because it is due to the presence of given feature of labor market in India only, corporations will not being able to direct its efforts in terms of fulfilling their skilled employees related demand in an effective manner (Hopkins, Benjamin., 2012). As the result of it sales and profitability related condition of many enterprises is affecting in a negative way. In the given context, from the research articles it has been identified that around 76% of the Indian business faces shortages of technical and specific skill among employees. Due to the presence of this aspect it is becoming very difficult for the Indian organization with respect to fill the vacant position for the different managerial and executive related post in an effective manner. In addition to this, from the survey it has also being identified that there are around 65% of the Indian business is facing the shortages of general employable skill among employees and it is of team working and communication etc. (Over two-thirds of Indian businesses face skills shortage, 2015). It is because of the presence of given aspect only organization prevailing in India, organizations are not being able to direct its efforts in terms of fulfilling their workers related demand in an appropriate manner. As the result of it they will have to recruit the employees from other nation and the given aspect causes direct impact on the economy of the country (Brod, Meryl. and et.al., 2011). This is because if employees will be recruited by the organization from other nation at that time country has to give large salary. Moreover, due to the presence of this aspect unemployment rate in India will likely to be increased. Due to this, the economy of the country is being impacted in a negative way.

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Further, with this, large number of young population is being regarded as another feature of labor market of India. From the population statistics it has been identified that in India majority of people ages below the 21 years (Population, 2015). In addition to this, it has also being identified that there are around 41% of the Indian population ages less than 18 years. It is being regarded as the positive characteristics of the Indian market. This is because, by using the team of young employees, organization will be able to direct their efforts in terms of meeting their young employees related demands in an effective manner. Moreover, due to the given characteristics of market it became easier for the enterprise with regard to carry out changes within the enterprise. This is because, it has been seen that the young and talented employees always welcome the new ideas (Guo, Chun., 2015). Thus, by given feature of Indian labour market , organization can be able to direct their efforts in terms of improving the sales and profitability related conditions in an effective manner. Furthermore, another characteristics of labor market is being depicted through the given model.

In India, wages of the workers is being determined through the intersection of demand as well as the supply curve. The given curve clearly showcases that the wages for the high skill worker is being determined at the point where the demand of high skill workers and supplier of high skill worker intersect (Verma, Prasad, Mani. Neel. and Awasthi, I. C., 2010). The wage rate of skilled workers are high because it is through this way only large number of skilled employees can be attracted by nation towards the corporations.

The role of trade union and employer association in regulating the employment relationship

The trade union as well as employer association prevailing in India plays very important role in regulating the employment relationship. The relationship between employers as well as employees hinders when organization does not follow appropriate policy for compensation. In addition to this, corporation lack of compliance with the training and development type of program is being considered as another reason due to which relationship between employer as well as employees is being affected (Glambek, Mats and et.al., 2014). In order to resolve the given identified issues various trade union prevailing in India plays very effective role. Trade unions prevailing within the organization has the main gain with respect to confront the issue being faced by worker in the organization towards the respective employers. It is with the help of trade union only support to the lower level workers can be provided. This is because it is with the help of trade unions only employees can communicate about the issues being faced by it to the employer (Çalişkan, Nemli. Esra., 2010). For example, if worker has identified that organization is not taking action against the compensation related issue even after communicating about the same to its immediate employer then in this condition labour can take assistance from the union.

With the help of their assistance immediate action can be taken by the organization with respect to the identified issue in an effective manner. It is through this way only trade union regulate the relationship between employer as well as employees working within the organization. Besides this, there are other roles identified which is being played by the trade unions prevailing in India. Labour union takes action against the unfair practices being followed by the employer of the organization. For example, there was the issue occurred in Honda in the year 2005. Here organization has suspended many of the workers that are demanding for the high wages. In order to given issue being faced by the employees of Honda labour union had played very effective role. It is with the help of labour union only the improvement in the pay related condition of Honda workers is being carried out. If an effective measure with regard to the given condition will not being taken by the organization then in this condition the relationship between employers and employees will be hindered (Kandula, Shriniwas. Ravindra., 2006). Thus, in this regard it can be said that labour union not only resolve the issues being faced by the workers of the organization but it also plays very crucial role in terms building an effective relationship between employer as well as employees. This is being done by it by taking the immediate action against the issues.

In the similar way, employer association of India also plays an effective role in regulating the employment relationship within the organization. In this respect, there is one specific employer association identified that operates within India. It consists of following such as Employer federation of India . These associations have the main goal with respect to promote and protect the interest of employers working within the enterprise (Dietz, Joerg., 2015). In addition to this, the given association assist employers in terms of providing full labour policies related information in an effective manner. By getting such type of information an appropriate action will be taken by the employer of corporation with regard to any of the following identified HR related issue. It is through this way only the employment relationship between employers and employees being regulated by the corporation. Its significant impact can be seen on the sales and profitability related condition of the firm. Overall, it can be said that in order to build the strong relationship between employer and employees the trade unions as well as employers association lays very crucial role. This is because it is with the help of these institutions only appropriate action against the obtained issue being taken by the enterprise (Buckley, Peter. and Enderwick, Peter., 2015).

Workplace employment relationships

In India, the employment relationship between workers and employees in workplace depends upon the different type of aspects such as workplace communication, information and consultation arrangements along with the role of trade union etc. In order to increase the sales and profitability related condition of enterprise, manager has to direct its efforts in terms of forming an effective relationship between the workers. Such type of relationship between workers can be developed if necessary action against the identified HR related issues is being taken. In this respect, workplace communication plays very effective role. This is because it is with the help of communication only the action against the obtained issues will be taken by the organization (Kandula, Shriniwas. Ravindra., 2006). In this context, from the basis of analysis it has been identified that many famous organization prevailing in India named as Toyota, Tata and Maruti Suzuki etc uses modern means of communication for the purpose to communicate with its workers as well as employers. It comprises following such as telephone, emails, video conferencing and open meetings etc. It is with the help of these all identified means only proper flow of information is being maintained by the organization between its employees. Furthermore, it is with the help of an effective communication only an effectual relationship between employers as well as employees working within India can be maintained. The relationship between workers and employers hinders when employer of the organization hide important information from labour. For example, employer of Honda has introduced some new policy regarding the salary of labour and without communicating about the same to workers, employer has implemented the given policy within the Honda. Such type of condition develops strike related situation within organization if the policy framed is not being liked by the workers. It is due to the presence of this aspect the workplace communication plays very important role (Dietz, Joerg., 2015).

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In addition to this, the workplace employment relationship is also influenced through the information and consultation arrangements. For example, it has been identified that in the organization such as Honda, it relies with the open communication type of policy. Here it gives utmost importance to the idea as being given by the workers of the organization. Such type of aspect develop positive environment within the corporation. Moreover, it is with the help of given open communication type of policy only the strong relationship between employers as well as employees can be build up (Verma, Prasad and Mani. Neel., 2010). This is because such type of policy makes the workers feel like that they are being regarded as the important part of the organization. However, it has been critically evaluated that if the organization function in India does not comply with the such type of policy then in this condition direct impact can be seen on the productivity of firm in market. In the similar way, trade union also plays very effective role in terms of building an appropriate relationship between the employers and employees. With the help of trade union the grievances that is being faced by the workers within organization can be presented in front of employer. By getting the information about the same employer will take the appropriate action. Thus, as the result of it an effectual employment relationship can be developed within the workplace. For example, with the help of labour union, workers can create pressure among the employers with regard to organize the necessary training and development programs for them (Alvesson, Mats. and Willmott, Hugh., 2011).

CONCLUSION

From the given report it can be concluded that skill shortages, lack of compliance with the training program and discriminating employees during the process of recruitment is being regarded as the three major HR related issues being occurring within the India. However, by using the different type of rules and regulation which is being framed by the government of India an effective action against the same can be taken. It is through this way only improvement in the prevailing labor market condition of the nation can be carried out. In addition to this, trade union and employer association plays very effective role in regulating the employment relationship between employees in an effective manner. Further, with this by assessing labour market characteristic prevailing in India varied measures with regard to improve the same can be taken by government. Through this way improvement in the economic condition of nation can be carried out. In addition to this, by raising the relationship that exist between workers and employers improvement in the productivity of the organization functioning in the India can be carried out.

REFERENCES

  1. Alvesson, Mats. and Willmott, Hugh., 2012.Making sense of management: A critical introduction. Sage.
  2. Armstrong, Michael., 2006. A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. Kogan Page Publishers.
  3. Brod, Meryl. and et.al., 2011. The impact of non-severe hypoglycemic events on work productivity and diabetes management, Value in Health.
  4. Çalişkan, Nemli. Esra., 2010. The impact of strategic human resource management on organizational performance. Journal of Naval Science and Engineering.
  5. Dietz, Joerg., 2015. The skill paradox: explaining and reducing employment discrimination against skilled immigrants. The International Journal of Human Resource Management.
  6. Glambek, Mats and et.al., 2014. Workplace bullying as an antecedent to job insecurity and intention to leave: a 6-month prospective study. Human resource management journal.
  7. Guo, Chun., 2015. Human resource management of international migrant: Current theories and future research. International journal of human resource management.
  8. Hopkins, Benjamin., 2012. Explaining variations in absence rates: temporary and agency workers in the food manufacturing sector. Human Resource Management Journal.
  9. Kandula, Shriniwas. Ravindra., 2006. Human Resource Management And Organization Development - Practitioner Readings. ICFAI Books.
  10. Teague, Paul. and Roche, William. Adrian., 2013. Recessionary bundles: HR practices in the Irish economic crisis. Human Resource Management Journal.
  11. Verma, Prasad and Mani. Neel., 2010. Contractual Employment in Indian Labour Market: Emergence and Expansion. Concept Publishing Company.
 

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